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Sources and Exposure Pathways

  • Urban wastewater and septic system discharges
  • Sewer overflows and raw sewage incursion
  • Aquaculture and animal feeding operations
  • Energy production (e.g., wastewater, rare earth elements, hydraulic fracturing fluids)
  • Pharmaceutical manufacturing, hospitals, long-term care facilities
  • Nanomaterials
Last modified on August 1st, 2013
Posted on August 1st, 2013