# Journal Articles (rigorous review)

## 2015

He, W.; Castiglione, T.; Kandasamy, M.; and Stern, F., “Numerical analysis of the interference effects on resistance, sinkage and trim of a fast catamaran,” Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 20, 2, pp. 292-308, June 2015.

Stern, F.; Wang, Z.; Yang, J.; Sadat-Hosseini, H.; Mousaviraad, M.; Bhushan, S.; Diez, M.; Yoon, S.H.; Wu, P.C.; Yeon, S.M.; Dogan, T.; Kim, D.H.; Volpi, S.; Conger, M.; Michael, T.; Xing, T.; Thodal, R.S.; and Grenestedt, J.L. “Recent Progress in CFD for Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering,” *Journal of Hydrodynamics *(Ser. B), 27, 1, pp. 1-23, February 2015.

Mousaviraad, M.; Wang, Z.; and Stern, F. “URANS Studies of Hydrodynamic Performance and Slamming Loads on High-Speed Planing Hulls in Calm Water and Waves for Deep and Shallow Conditions,” *Applied Ocean Research*, 51, pp. 222-240, June 2015.

Yang, J. and Stern, F. “A non-iterative direct forcing immersed boundary method for strongly- coupled fluid-solid interactions,” *Journal of Computational Physics*, 295, pp. 779-804, Aug. 15, 2015.

Yoon, H.; Simonsen, C. D.; Benedetti, L.; Longo, J.; Toda, Y.; and Stern, F., “Benchmark CFD validation data for surface combatant 5415 in PMM maneuvers – Part I: Force/moment/motion measurements,” Ocean Engineering, 109, pp. 705-734, November 2015.

Yoon, H.; Longo, J.; Toda, Y.; and Stern, F., “Benchmark CFD validation data for surface combatant 5415 in PMM maneuvers – Part II: Phase-averaged stereoscopic PIV flow field measurements,” Ocean Engineering, 109, pp. 735-750, November 2015.

## 2014

Gui, L.; Yoon, H.; and Stern, F. “Techniques for Measuring Bulge-Scar Pattern of Free Surface Deformation and Related Velocity Distribution in Shallow Water Flow over a Bump,” E*xperiments in Fluids, *55, 4, pp. 1-15, Apr. 16, 2014.

Dogan, T.; Sadat-Hosseini, H.; and Stern, F. “DES of Delft Catamaran at Static Drift Condition”, *Naval Engineers Journal*, 126, 4, 2014.

Broglia, R.; Jacob, B.; Zaghi, S.; Stern, F.; and Olivieri, A. “Experimental investigation of interference effects for high-speed catamarans,” *Ocean Engineering*, 76, pp. 75-85, Jan. 15, 2014.

Yang, J. and Stern, F. “A sharp interface direct forcing immersed boundary approach for fully resolved simulations of particulate flows,” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, special issue on immersed boundary methods, 136, 4, 10 pp., April 2014.

Castiglione, T.; He, W.; Stern, F.; and Bova, S. “URANS Simulation of Catamaran Interference In Shallow Water,” *Journal of Marine Science and Technology*, 19, 1, pp. 33-51, March 2014.

Gui, L.; Yoon, H.; and Stern, F. “Experimental Investigation of Shallow Water Free Surface Instability over a Bump,” *Experiments in Fluids*, 55, 1721, pp.1-15, 2014.

Diez, M.; He, W.; Campana, E.; and Stern, F. “Deterministic and multivariate stochastic uncertainty quantification for the Delft catamaran with variable Froude number and/or geometry using URANS and potential flow solvers,” *Journal of Marine Science and Technology*, 19, 22, pp. 143-169, 2014.

Koo, B.; Yang, J.; and Stern, F. “Reynolds and Froude number Effect on the Flow past an Interface-Piercing Circular Cylinder,” *International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering*, 6, 3, pp. 529-561, September 2014.

Bottiglieri, M.; Cooper, R.; Sanada, Y.; Yoon, H.; and Stern, F. “Wavemaker Calibration at IIHR Wave Basin and Towing Tank,” *Naval Engineers Journal*, 93, 126-4, Student paper issue, 2014.

Conger, M.; Mousaviraad, M.; Stern, F.; Peterson, A.; and Ahmadian, M. “URANS CFD for Two-Body Hydrodynamic Simulation of Wave Adaptive Modular Vessels (WAM-V) and Validation against Sea Trials,” *Naval Engineers Journal*, 93, 126-4, Student paper issue, 2014.

Elshiekh, H.; Yoon, H.; Sanada, Y.; and Stern, F. “Local Flow Measurements around ONR Tumblehome,” *Naval Engineers Journal*, 93, 126-4, Student paper issue, 2014.

Stocker, M.; Sanada, Y.; and Stern, F. “Preliminary Free Running Test of Delft Catamaran Water-jet Model,” *Naval Engineers Journal*, 93, 126-4, Student paper issue, 2014.

Falchi, M.; Felli, M.; Grizzi, S.; Aloisio, G.; Broglia, R.; and Stern, F. “SPIV Measurements Around the DELFT 372 Catamaran in Steady Drift,” *Experiments in Fluids*, 55, 11, 20 pp., Nov. 4, 2014.

## 2013

Win, Y.; Tokgoz, E.; Wu, P.; Stern, F.; and Toda, Y. “Computation of Propeller-Hull Interaction using Simple Body-Force Distribution Model around Series 60 CB=.6,” Journal of the Japan Society of Naval Architects and Ocean Engineers, 18, pp. 17-27, January 2013.

Kandasamy, K.; Peri, D.; Tahara, Y.; Wilson, W.; Miozzi, M.; Georgiev, S.; Milanov, E.; Campana, E.; and Stern, F. “Simulations based design optimization of waterjet propelled Delft catamaran,”* International Ship Building Progress*, Invited paper, 60, 1-4, pp. 277–308, 2013.

Stern, F.; Yang, J.; Wang, Z.; Sadat-Hosseini, H.; Mousaviraad, M.; Bhushan, S.; and Xing, T. “Computational ship hydrodynamics: nowadays and way forward,” *International Ship Building Progress*, Invited paper, 60, 1-4, pp. 3–105, 2013.

Hosseini, H.; Carrica, P.; Kim, H.; Toda, Y.; and Stern, F. “CFD V&V of added resistance of KVLCC2 with fixed and free surge conditions for short and long head waves,” *Ocean Engineering*, 59, pp. 240–273, Feb. 1, 2013.

Mousaviraad, S.M.; Wei, H.; and Stern, F. “Framework for Convergence and Validation of Stochastic Uncertainty Quantification and Relationship to Deterministic Verification and Validation,” *International Journal for Uncertainty Quantification*, 3, 5, pp. 371–395, 2013.

Carrica, P.; Ismail, F.; Hyman, H.; Bhushan, S.; Stern, F. “Turn and Zig-Zag Maneuvers of a Surface Combatant using URANS Approach and Dynamic Overset Grids,” *Journal of Marine Science and Technology, *18, 2, pp. 166-181, June 2013.

Sanada, Y.; Tanimoto, K.; Takagi, K.; Toda, Y.; and Stern, F. “Trajectories and Local Flow Field Measurements around ONR Tumblehome in Maneuvering Motion,” *Ocean Engineering*, 72, pp. 45–65, 2013.

Yang, J. and Stern, F. “Robust and efficient setup procedure for complex triangulations in immersed boundary simulations,” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 135, 10, 11 pp., 2013.

## 2012

Carrica, P.; Hosseini, H.; and Stern, F. “CFD Analysis of Broaching for a Model Surface Combatant with Explicit Simulation of Moving Rudders and Rotating Propellers,”* Computers & Fluids*, 53, pp. 117–132, Jan. 15, 2012.

Huang, J.; Carrica, P.; and Stern, F. “Numerical Study of a Ship Exhaust Plume with Waves and Wind,” *International Journal Numerical Methods Fluids*, 68, 2, pp. 160–180, Jan. 20, 2012.

Huang, J.; Carrica, P.; and Stern, F. “A geometry-based level set method for curvilinear overset grids with application ship hydrodynamics,” *International Journal Numerical Methods Fluids*, 68, 4, pp. 494–521, Feb. 10, 2012.

Wang, Z.; Yang, J.; and Stern, F. “A new volume of fluid method with constructed distance function on general structured grid,” *Journal of Computational Physics*, 231, 9, pp. 3703–3722, May 1, 2012.

Stern, F.; Yoon, H.; Yarbrough, D.; Okay, M.; Oztekin, U.; and Roszelle, B. “Hands-On Integrated CFD Educational Interface for Introductory Fluids Mechanics: Invited Paper,” *International Journal of Aerodynamics*, 2, 2-4, pp. 339–371, 2012.

Kang, D.H.; Ghosh, S.; Reins, G.; Koo, B.; Wang, Z.; and Stern, F. “Impulsive Plunging Wave Breaking Downstream of a Bump in a Shallow Water Flume – Part I: Experimental Observations,” *Journal of Fluids and Structures*, invited for special issue for FEDSM2010-ICNMM2010, 32, pp. 104–120, July 2012.

Koo, B.; Wang, Z.; Yang, J.; and Stern, F. “Impulsive Plunging Wave Breaking Downstream of a Bump in a Shallow Water Flume – Part II: Numerical Simulations, ”*Journal of Fluids and Structures*, invited for special issue for FEDSM2010-ICNMM2010, 32, pp.121–134, July 2012.

Bhushan, S.; Xing, T.; and Stern, F. “Vortical Structures and Instability Analysis for Athena Wetted Transom Flow with Full-Scale Validation,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng,* 134, 3, 18 pp., 2012.

Yang, J. and Stern, F. “A simple and efficient direct forcing immersed boundary framework for fluid-structure interactions,” *Journal of Computational Physics*, 231, 15, pp. 5029–5061, June 1, 2012.

Wang, Z.; Yang, J.; and Stern, F. “A simple and conservative operator-splitting semi-Lagrangian VOF advection scheme,” *Journal of Computational Physics*, 231, 15, pp. 4981–4992, June 1, 2012.

Araki, M.; Sadat-Hosseini, H.; Sanada, Y.; Umeda, N.; and Stern, F. “Estimating maneuvering coefficients using system identification methods with experimental, systems-based, and CFD free running trial data,” *Ocean Engineering*, 51, pp. 63–84, Sept. 1, 2012.

Xing, T.; Bhushan, S.; and Stern, F. “Vortical and turbulent structures for KVLCC2 at drift angle 0, 12, and 30 degrees,” *Ocean Engineering*, 55, pp. 23–43, Dec. 1, 2012.

Sakamoto, N.; Carrica, P.; and Stern, F. “URANS Simulations of Static and Dynamic Maneuvering Combatant-Part 1: Verification and Validation for Forces, Moment, and Hydrodynamic Derivative,” *Journal of Marine Science and Technology*, 17, 4, pp. 422–445, December 2012.

Sakamoto, N.; Carrica, P.; and Stern, F. “URANS Simulations of Static and Dynamic Maneuvering Combatant-Part 2: Analysis and Validation for Local Flow Characteristics,” *Journal of Marine Science and Technology*, 17, 4, pp. 446-468, December 2012.

## 2011

Suh, J., Yang, J. and Stern, F., “The Effect of Air-Water Interface on the Vortex Shedding from a Vertical Circular Cylinder,” *Journal of Fluids and Structures*, Vol. 27, Issue 1, pp. 1–22, 2011.

Hosseini, H., Carrica, P., Stern, F., Umeda, N., Hashimoto, H., Matsuda, A.,”CFD, System-Based and EFD Study of Ship Dynamic Instability Events: Surf-riding, Periodic Motion, and Broaching,”* Ocean Engineering*, Vol. 38, Issue 1, pp. 88-110, 2011.

Stern, F., Agdrup, K., Kim, S.Y., Hochbaum, A.C., Rhee, K.P., Quadvlieg, F., Perdon, P., Hino, T., Broglia, R., and Gorski, J., “Experience from SIMMAN 2008: The First Workshop On Verification And Validation Of Ship Maneuvering Simulation Methods,” *Journal of Ship Research*, Volume 55, Number 2, pp. 135–147, 2011.

Manivannan Kandasamy; Seng Keat Ooi; Pablo Carrica; Fred Stern; Emilio F. Campana; Daniele Peri; Philip Osborne; Jessica Cote; Neil McDonald; Nic de Waal, “CFD Validation Studies for a High-speed Foil-assisted Semi-planing Catamaran,” *Journal of Marine Science and Technology*, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 157–167, 2011.

Manivannan Kandasamy; Seng Keat Ooi; Pablo Carrica; Fred Stern; Emilio F. Campana; Daniele Peri; Philip Osborne; Jessica Cote; Neil McDonald; Nic de Waal, “Multi-fidelity Optimization of a High-speed Foil-assisted Semi-planing Catamaran for Low Wake,” *Journal of Marine Science and Technology*, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 143–156, 2011.

Castiglione, T., Stern, F., Bova, S., Kandasamy, M., “Numerical Investigation of the seakeeping behavior of a catamaran advancing in regular head waves,” *Ocean Engineering*, Vol. 38, pp. 1806–1822, 2011.

Castro, A., Carrica, P., and Stern, F., “Full Scale Self Propulsion Computations using Discretized Propeller for the KRISO Container Ship KCS,” *Computers & Fluids*, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp. 35–47, 2011.

Xing, T. and Stern, F., “Comments on Discussion of ‘Factors of Safety for Research Extrapolation,’” *ASME J. Fluids Eng,* Vol. 133, p. 061403, 2011.

Y Tahara, D Peri, EF Campana, and F Stern, “Single and Multi Objective Design Optimization of a Fast Multihull Ship: numerical and experimental results,” *Journal of Marine Science and Technology*, Volume 16, Number 4, pp. 412–433, 2011.

Takai, T., Kandasamy, M., Stern, F., “Verification and Validation study of URANS simulations for axial waterjet propelled large high-speed ship,” *Journal of Marine Science and Technology*, Volume 16, Number 4, pp. 434-447, 2011.

Bhushan, S., Carrica, P., Yang, J., and Stern, F. “Scalability Study and Large Grid Computations for Surface Combatant Using CFDShip-Iowa,” *International Journal High Performance Computing Applications*, Vol. 25, Number 4, Special Issue on Programming Models, Software and Tools for High-End Computing, pp. 466–487, 2011.

Bhushan, S., Stern, F., and Doctors, L., “Verification and Validation of URANS Wave Resistance for Air Cushion Vehicles and Comparison Linear Theory,” *Journal of Ship Research*, Vol. 55, No. 4, pp. 249–267, 2011.

Carrica, P., Fu, H., and Stern, F., “Self-propulsion Free to Sink and Trim and Pitch and Heave in Head Waves of a KCS Model,” *Applied Ocean Research*, Vol. 33, pp. 309–320, 2011.

Evgeni Milanov, Zlatko Zlatev, Valya Chotukova and Frederick Stern, “Analysis of Inherent Course Stability of a High Speed Catamaran in Deep and Shallow Water,” *International Shipbuilding Progress*, 58, pp. 83–96, 2011.

Xing, T. and Stern, F. “Factors of Safety for Richardson Extrapolation,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng, *132, 4 pp., Oct. 24, 2011

## 2010

Mousaviraad, S.M.; Carrica, P.M.; and Stern, F. “Development and Validation of Harmonic Wave Group Single-Run Procedures for RAO with Comparison to Regular and Transient Wave Group Procedures Using URANS,” *Ocean Engineering*, 37, 8-9, pp. 653-666, June 2010.

Hosseini, H.; Stern, F.; Olivieri, A.; Campana, E.; Hashimoto, H.; Umeda, N.; Bulian, G.; and Francescutto, A. “Head-Waves Parametric Rolling of Surface Combatant,” *Ocean Engineering*, 37, 10, pp. 859–878, July 2010.

Carrica, P.; Huang, J.; Noack, R.; Kaushik, D.; Smith, B.; and Stern, F. “Large-Scale DES Computations of the Forward Speed Diffraction and Pitch and heave Problems for a Surface Combatant,” *Computers & Fluids*, 39, 7, pp. 1095–1111, February 2010.

Ismail, F.; Carrica, P.; Xing, T.; and Stern, F. “Evaluation of linear and nonlinear convection schemes on multidimensional non-orthogonal grids with application KVLCC tanker,” *International Journal Numerical Methods Fluids*, 64, pp. 850–886, 2010.

Kandasamy, K.; Ooi, S.K.; Carrica, P.; and Stern, F. “Integral Force/Moment Waterjet Model for CFD Simulations,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng*, 132, 10, 9 pp. Oct. 20, 2010.

Pinto-Heredero, A.; Xing, T.; and Stern, F. “URANS and DES for Wigley Hull at Extreme Drift Angles,” Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 15, 4, pp. 295–315, December 2010.

Carrica, P. and Stern, F. “Self-Propulsion Computations Using Speed Controller and Discretized Propeller with Dynamic Overset Grids,” *Journal of Marine Science and Technology,* 15, 4, pp. 316–330, December 2010.

## 2009

Wang, Z.; Yang, J.; and Stern, F. “An Improved Particle Correction Procedure for the Particle Level Set Method,” *Journal of Computational Physics*, 228, 16, 19 pp., Sept. 1, 2009.

Yang, J. and Stern, F. “Sharp Interface Immersed-Boundary/Level-Set Method for Wave-Body Interactions,” *Journal of Computational Physics*, 228, 17, 27 pp., Sept. 20, 2009.

Campana, E.; Peri, D.; Tahara, Y.; Kandasamy, M.; and Stern, F. “Optimal ship design algorithms and their application to industrial problems,” *Transactions SNAME*, 117, 2009, awarded ABS-Captain Joseph H. Linnard Prize for best paper 2009.

Wang, Z.; Yang, J.; and Stern, F. “A coupled level set and volume of fluid method for 3D sharp interface simulation of plunging breaking waves,” *International Journal of Multiphase Flow*, 35, 3, pp. 227–246, March 2009.

Kandasamy, M.; Xing, T.; and Stern. F. “Unsteady Free-Surface Wave-Induced Separation: Coherent Vortical Structures and Instabilities,” *Journal of Fluids & Structures*, 22, 1, pp. 343–363, January 2009.

Bhushan, S.; Xing, T.; Carrica, P.; and Stern, F. “Model- and Full-scale URANS Simulations for Athena Resistance, Powering, and Seakeeping, and 5415 Maneuvering,” *Journal of Ship Research*, 53, 4, pp. 179–198, December 2009.

## 2008

Huang, J.; Carrica, P.M.; and Stern, F. “Semi-Coupled Air/Water Immersed Boundary Approach for Curvilinear Dynamic Overset Grids with Application to Ship Hydrodynamics,” *International Journal Numerical Methods Fluids*, 58, 6, pp. 591–624, Oct. 30, 2008.

Irvine, M.; Longo, J.; and Stern, F. “Pitch and Heave Tests and Uncertainty Assessment for a Surface Combatant in Regular Head Waves,” *Journal Ship Research*, 52, 2, pp. 146–163, June 2008.

Wang, Z.; Yang, J.; Koo, B.; and Stern, F. “A Coupled Level Set and Volume-of-Fluid Method for Sharp Interface Simulation of Plunging Breaking Waves,” *International Journal of Multiphase Flow*, 35, 3, pp. 227–246, March 2008.

Xing, T.; Carrica, P.; and Stern, F. “Computational Towing Tank Procedures for Singe Run Curves of Resistance and Propulsion,” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 130, 2, 14 pp., October 2008.

Longo, J.; Shao, J.; Irvine, M.; Gui, L.; and Stern, F. “Phase-Averaged Towed PIV Measurements for Regular Head Waves In a Model Ship Towing Tank,” *Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering*, 10, Advanced Numerical Models for Simulating Tsunami Waves and Runup, September 2008.

Carrica, P.; Park, K.-J.; Sadat-Hosseini, H.; and Stern, F. “URANS Analysis of a Broaching Event in Irregular Quartering Seas,” *Journal Marine Science and Technology*, 13, 4, pp. 395–407, November 2008.

Tahara, Y.; Peri, D.; Campana, E.; and Stern, F. “CFD-Based Multi-Objective Optimization of a Surface Combatant by Using Global Optimization Method,” *Journal Marine Science and Technology*, 13, 2, pp. 95-116, 2008.

Huang, J.; Carrica, P.; and Stern, F. “Semi-coupled air/water immersed boundary approach for curvilinear dynamic overset grids with application to ship hydrodynamics,” *International Journal Numerical Methods Fluids*, 58, 6, pp. 591–624, Oct. 30, 2008.

Park, I.-L.; Hosseini, S.H.S.; and Stern, F. “Numerical Analysis of Ship Motions in Beam Sea Using Unsteady RANS and Overset Grid Methods,” *Journal Society Naval Architects Korea*, 45, 2, pp. 109-123, 2008.

## 2007

Carrica, P.M.; Wilson, R.V.; Noack, R.W.; and Stern, F. “Ship Motions using Single-Phase Level Set with Dynamic Overset Grids,” *Computers & Fluids*, 36, 9, pp. 1415–1433, November 2007.

Carrica, P.M.; Wilson, R.V.; and Stern, F. “An Unsteady Single-Phase Level Set Method for Viscous Free Surface Flows,” *International Journal Numerical Methods Fluids*, 53, 2, pp. 229–256, Jan. 20, 2007.

Huang, J.; Carrica, P.M.; and Stern, F. “Coupled Ghost Fluid/Two-Phase Level Set Method for Curvilinear Body-Fitted Grids,” *International Journal Numerical Methods Fluids*, 55, 9, pp. 867–897, Nov. 30, 2007.

Sakamoto, N.; Wilson, R.; and Stern, F. “RANS Simulations for High-Speed Ships in Deep and Shallow Water,” *Journal Ship Research*, 51, 3, pp. 187–203, September 2007.

Wilson, R.V.; Carrica, P.M.; and Stern, F. “Simulation of Ship Breaking Bow Waves and Induced Vortices and Scars,” *International Journal Numerical Methods Fluids*, 54, 4, pp. 229–256, June 10, 2007.

Xing, T.; Kandasamy, M.; and Stern, F. “Unsteady Free-Surface Wave-Induced Separation: Analysis of Turbulent Structures using Detached Eddy Simulation and Single-Phase Level Set,” *Journal of Turbulence*, 8, 8, pp. 1–35, 2007.

Olivieri, A.; Pistani, F.; Wilson, R.; Campana, E.; and Stern, F. “Scars and Vortices Induced by Ship Bow Wave Breaking,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng*, 129, 11, pp. 1445–1459, 2007.

## 2006

Campana, E.F.; Peri, D.; Tahara, Y.; and Stern, F. “Shape Optimization in Ship Hydrodynamics Using Computational Fluid Dynamics,” *Journal of Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering*, 196, 1–3, pp. 634–651, Dec. 1, 2006.

Carrica, P.M.; Wilson, R.V.; and Stern, F. “Unsteady RANS Simulations of the Ship Forward Speed Diffraction problem,” *Computers & Fluids*, 35, 6, pp. 545–570, July 2006.

Metcalf, B.; Longo, J.; Ghosh, G.; and Stern, F. “Unsteady Free-Surface Wave-Induced Boundary layer Separation for a Surface-Piercing NACA 0024 Foil: Towing Tank Experiments,” *Journal of Fluids & Structures*, 22, 1, pp. 77–98, January 2006.

Parihar, A.; Kulkarni, A.; Stern, F.; Xing, T.; and Moeykens, S. “Using Flowlab: An Educational Computational Fluid Dynamics Tool to Perform a Comparative Study of Turbulence Models,” *CFD Journal*, 15, 1, pp. 175–182, April 2006.

Stern, F.; Wilson, R.; and Shao, J. “Quantitative V&V of CFD Simulations and certification of CFD Codes,” *International Journal Numerical Methods Fluids*, 50, 11, pp. 1335–1355, April 20, 2006.

Stern, F.; Xing, T.; Muste, M.; Yarbrough, D.; Rothmayer, A.; Rajagopalan, G.; Caughey, D.; Bhaskaran, R.; Smith. S.; Hutching, B.; and Moeykens, S. “Integration of Simulation Technology into Undergraduate Engineering Courses and Laboratories,” *International Journal Learning Technology*, 2, 1, pp. 28–48, 2006.

Stern, F.; Xing, T.; Yarbrough, D.; Rothmayer, A.; Rajagopalan, G.; Otta, S.P.; Caughey, D.; Bhaskaran, R.; Smith. S.; Hutching, B.; and Moeykens, S. “Hands-On CFD Educational Interface for Engineering Courses and Laboratories,” *Journal Engineering Education*, 95, 1, pp. 63–83, January 2006.

Wilson, R.; Carrica, P.; and Stern, F. “URANS Simulations for High-Speed Transom-Stern Ship with Breaking Waves,” *International Journal of CFD*, 20, 2, 2006.

Wilson, R.V.; Carrica, P.M.; and Stern, F. “Unsteady RANS Method for Ship Motions with Application to Roll for a Surface Combatant,” *Computers & Fluids*, 35, 5, pp. 419–451, June 2006.

Tahara, Y.; Wilson, R.; Carrica, P.; and Stern, F. “RANS Simulation of a Container Ship Using a Single Phase Level Set Method with Overset Grids and Prognosis for Extensions to Self-Propulsion Simulator,” *Journal Marine Science and Technology*, 11, 4, pp. 209–228, 2006.

Kim, J.; Paterson, E.; and Stern, F. “Verification & Validation and Sub-Visual and Acoustic Modeling for Ducted Marine Propulsor,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng*, 128, 4, pp. 799–810, July 2006.

Stern, F.; Carrica, P.; Kandasamy, M.; Gorski, J.; O’Dea, J.; Hughes, M.; Miller, R.; Kring, D.; Milewski, W.; Hoffman, R.; and Cary, C. “Computational Hydrodynamic Tools for High-Speed Sealift,” Transactions SNAME, 114, pp. 55–81, 2006.

Longo, J.; Shao, J.; Irvine, M.; and Stern, F. “Phase-Averaged PIV for the Nominal Wake of a Surface Ship in Regular Head Waves,” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 129, pp. 524–540, Sept. 28, 2006.

## 2005

Kandasamy, M.; Xing, T.; and Stern. F. “Unsteady Free-Surface Wave-Induced Separation: Coherent Vortical Structures and Instabilities,” *Journal of Fluid & Structures*, submitted 2005.

Kim, J.; Paterson, E.; and Stern, F. “RANS Simulation of Ducted Marine Propulsor Flow Including Subvisual Cavitation and Acoustic Modeling,” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 128, 4, pp. 799–810, Dec. 11, 2005.

Longo, J. and Stern, F. “Uncertainty Assessment for Towing Tank Tests with Example for Surface Combatant DTMB Model 5415,” *Journal Ship Research*, 49, 1, pp. 55–68, March 2005.

Simonsen, C. and Stern, F. “Flow Structure around an Appended Tanker Hull Form in Simple Maneuvering Conditions,” *Computers & Fluids*, 34, pp. 169–198, 2005.

Simonsen, C. and Stern, F. “RANS Maneuvering Simulation of Esso Osaka with Rudder and a Body-Force Propeller,” *Journal Ship Research*, 49, 2, pp. 98–120, May 2005.

Stern, F.; Olivieri, A.; Shao, J.; Longo, J.; and Ratcliffe, T. “Statistical Approach for Estimating Intervals of Certification or Biases of Facilities or Measurement Systems Including Uncertainties,” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 127, 3, pp. 604–610, Feb. 10, 2005.

Weymouth G.; Wilson, R.; and Stern, F. “RANS CFD Prediction of Pitch and Heave Ship Motions in Head Seas,” *Journal Ship Research*, 49, 2, pp. 80–97, June 2005.

## 2004

Longo, J.; Shao, J.; Irvine, M.; Gui, L.; and Stern, F. “Phase-Averaged Towed PIV Measurements for Regular Head Waves In a Model Ship Towing Tank,” *Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering*, 9, PIV and Water Waves, 2004.

Longo, J.; Gui, L.; and Stern, F. “Ship Velocity Fields,” *Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering*, 9, PIV and Water Waves, invited article, pp. 119–179, 2004.

Tahara, Y.; Stern, F.; and Himeno, Y. “Computational Fluid Dynamics-Based Optimization of a Surface Combatant,” *Journal Ship Research*, 48, 4, pp. 273–287, December 2004.

Wilson, R.; Shao, J.; and Stern, F. “Discussion: ‘Criticisms of the “Correction Factor” Verification Method’” (Roache, P., 2003, *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 125, pp. 732–733),” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 126, 4, pp. 704–706, 2004.

## 2003

Larsson, L.; Stern, F.; and Bertram, V. “Benchmarking of Computational Fluid Dynamics for Ship Flows: The Gothenburg 2000 Workshop,” *Journal of Ship Research*, 47, 1, pp. 63–81, March 2003.

Simonsen, C. and Stern, F. “Verification and Validation of RANS Maneuvering Simulation of Esso Osaka: Effects of Drift, Rudder Angle, and Propeller on Forces and Moments,” *Computers & Fluids*, 32, 10, pp. 1325–1356, December 2003.

## 2002

Gui., L.; Longo, L.; Metcal, B.; Shao, J.; and Stern, F. “Forces, Moment, and Wave Pattern for Naval Combatant in Regular Head Waves-Part 2: Measurement Results and Discussions,” *Experiments in Fluids*, 32, 1, pp. 27–36, January 2002, IIHR Reprint #1552.

Longo, J. and Stern, F. “Effects of Drift Angle on Model-Scale Ship Flow,” *Experiments in Fluids*, 32, 5, pp. 558–569, May 2002, IIHR Reprint #1551.

Rhee, S.H. and Stern, F. “RANS Modeling of Spilling Breaking Waves” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 124, 2, pp. 424–432, 2002.

Stern, F. and Wilson, R. “Authors’ Closure,” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 124, 3, pp. 810–811, 2002.

Tahara, Y.; Longo, J.; Stern, F.; and Himeno, Y. “Comparison of CFD and EFD for Series 60 CB=.6 in Steady Drift Motion,” *Journal Marine Science and Technology*, 7, 1, pp. 17–30, 2002.

Gui., L.; Longo, L.; Metcal, B.; Shao, J.; and Stern, F. “Forces, Moment, and Wave Pattern for Surface Combatant in Regular Head Waves-Part 1: Measurement Systems and Uncertainty Analysis,” *Experiments in Fluids*, 32, 1, pp. 674–680, January 2002, IIHR Reprint #1544.

## 2001

Coleman, H.; Stern, F.; Di Mascio, A.; and Campagna, E. “Technical Note: The Problem with Oscillatory Behavior in Grid Convergence Studies,” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 123, 2, pp. 438–439, 2001, IIHR Reprint #1510.

Gui, L.; Longo, J.; and Stern, F. “Biases of PIV Measurement of Turbulent Flow and the Masked Correlation-Based Interrogation,” *Experiments in Fluids*, 30, 1, pp. 27–35, January 2001, IIHR Reprint #1500.

Gui, L.; Longo, J.; and Stern, F. “Towing Tank PIV Measurement System, Data and Uncertainty Assessment for DTMB Model 5512,” *Experiments in Fluids*, 31, 3, pp. 336–346, September 2001, IIHR Reprint #1527.

Rhee, S.H. and Stern, F. “Unsteady RANS Method For Surface Ship Boundary Layer And Wake And Wave Field,” *International Journal of Numerical Methods Fluids*, 37, 4, pp. 445–478, Oct. 30, 2001, IIHR Reprint #1533.

Stern, F.; Wilson, R.V.; Coleman, H.; and Paterson, E. “Comprehensive Approach to Verification and Validation of CFD Simulations-Part 1: Methodology and procedures,” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 123, 4, pp. 793–802, July 10, 2001, IIHR Reprint #1541.

Wilson, R.V.; Stern, F.; Coleman, H.; and Paterson, E. “Comprehensive Approach to Verification and Validation of CFD Simulations-Part 2: Application for RANS Simulation of a Cargo/Container Ship,” *ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering*, 123, 4, pp.803–810, 2001, IIHR Reprint #1542.

## 2000

Subramani, A.; Paterson, E.G.; and Stern, F. “CFD Calculation of Sinkage and Trim,” *Journal of Ship Research*, 44, 1, pp. 59–82, 2000, IIHR Reprint #1446.

## 1999

Chen, B. and Stern, F. “Computational Fluid Dynamics of Four-Quadrant Marine-Propulsor Flow,” *Journal of Ship Research*, 43, 4, pp. 218–228, 1999, IIHR Reprint #1421.

Paterson, E.G. and Stern, F. “Computation of Unsteady Viscous Marine-Propulsor Blade Flows – Part 2: Parametric Study,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng*, 121, pp. 139-147, 1999, IIHR Reprint #1387.

## 1998

Coleman, H. and Stern, F. “Authors’ Closure,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng*., 120, pp. 635–636, 1998.

Longo, J.; Huang, H.P.; and Stern, F. “Solid-Fluid Juncture Boundary Layer and Wake,” *Experiments in Fluids*, 25, 4, pp. 283-297, 1998, IIHR Reprint #1344.

Sreedhar, M. and Stern, F. “Large Eddy Simulation of Temporally Developing Juncture Flows,” *Int. J. Num. Meth. Fluids*, 28, 1, pp. 47-72, July 15, 1998, IIHR Reprint #1323.

Sreedhar, M. and Stern, F. “Prediction of Solid/Free-Surface Juncture Boundary Layer and Wake of a Surface-Piercing Flat Plate at Low Froude Number,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng.*, 120, 2, pp. 354–362, 1998, IIHR Reprint #1314.

## 1997

Coleman, H.W. and Stern, F. “Uncertainties in CFD Code Validation,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng*., 119, 4, pp. 795-803, 1997, IIHR Reprint #1300.

Paterson, E.G. and Stern, F. “Computation of Unsteady Viscous Marine-Propulsor Blade Flows – Part 1: Validation and Analysis,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng*., 119, 1, pp. 145–154, 1997, IIHR Reprint #1235.

## 1996

Choi, J.-E.; Sreedhar, M.; and Stern, F. “Stokes Layers in Horizontal-Wave Outer Flows,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng.*, 118, 3, Sept. 1, 1996, pp. 537-545, IIHR Reprint #1211.

Longo, J. and Stern, F. “Technical Note: Evaluation of Surface-Ship Boundary-Layer and Wake and Wave-Field Model-Scale Data Base,” *Journal of Ship Research*, 40, 2, pp. 112–116, 1996, IIHR Reprint #1181.

Stern, F.; Longo, J.; Zhang, Z.J.; and Subramani, A.K. “Detailed Bow-Flow Data and CFD of a Series 60 CB = .6 Ship Model for Froude Number .316,” *Journal of Ship Research*, 40, 3, pp. 193-199, 1996, IIHR Reprint #1213.

Tahara, Y. and Stern, F. “Large-Domain Approach for Calculating Ship Boundary Layers and Wakes and Wave Fields for Nonzero Froude Number,” *Journal Computational Physics*, 127, 2, pp. 398–411, September 1996, IIHR Reprint #1210.

Zhang, Z. and Stern, F. “Free-Surface Wave-Induced Separation,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng.*, 118, 3, pp. 546–554, Sept. 1, 1996, IIHR Reprint #1212.

## 1994

Stern, F.; Kim, H.T.; Zhang, D.H.; Toda, Y.; Kerwin, J.; and Jessup, S. “Computation of Viscous Flow Around Propeller-Body Configurations: Series 60 CB = .6 Ship Model,” Journal of Ship Research, 38, 2, pp. 137–157, 1994, IIHR Reprint #1051.

Tahara, Y. and Stern, F. “Validation of an Interactive Approach for Calculating Ship Boundary Layers and Wakes for Nonzero Froude Number,” J. Computers and Fluids, 23, 6, pp. 785–816, July 1994, IIHR Reprint #1074.

## 1993

Longo, J.; Stern, F.; and Toda, Y. “Mean-Flow Measurements in the Boundary Layer and Wake of a Series 60 CB = .6 Model Ship – Part 2: Scale Effects on Near-Field Wave Patterns and Comparisons with Inviscid Theory,” *Journal of Ship Research*, 37, 1, pp. 16-24, March 1993, IIHR Reprint #981.

Stern, F.; Choi, J.E.; and Hwang, W.S. “Effects of Waves on the Wake of a Surface-Piercing Flat Plate: Experiment and Theory,” Journal of Ship Research, 37, 2, pp. 102–118, 1993, IIHR Reprint #995.

## 1992

Tahara, Y.; Stern, F.; and Rosen, B. “An Interactive Approach for Calculating Ship Boundary Layers and Wakes for Nonzero Froude Number,” *Journal of Computational Physics*, 98, 1, pp. 33–53, January 1992, IIHR Reprint #892.

Toda, Y.; Stern, F.; and Longo, J. “Mean-Flow Measurements in the Boundary Layer and Wake and Wave Field of a Series 60 CB = .6 Model Ship – Part 1: Froude Numbers .16 and .316,” Journal of Ship Research, 36, 4, pp. 360–377, December 1992, IIHR Reprint #977.

## 1991

Ettema, R. and Stern, F. “Dynamics of Icebreaking by a POLAR-Class Icebreaker Hull,” IUTAM Symp. on Ice-Structure Interaction, Springer-Verlag, pp. 669–691, 1991, IIHR Reprint #891.

Ettema, R.; Sharifi, M.B.; Georgakakos, K.P.; and Stern, F. “Chaos in Continuous-Mode Icebreaking,” *Cold Regions Science and Technology*, 19, 2, pp. 131–144, May 1991, IIHR Reprint #895.

Landweber, L. and Stern, F. “Forces and Moments on a Body Moving in an Irrotational Flow of an Inviscid Fluid,” *Mathematical Approaches in Hydrodynamics*, SIAM, pp. 450–457, 1991, IIHR Reprint #900.

Stern, F.; Toda, Y.; and Kim, H.T. “Computation of Viscous Flow Around Propeller-Body Configurations: Iowa Axisymmetric Body,” Journal of Ship Research, 35, 2, pp. 151–161, June 1991, IIHR Reprint #905.

## 1990

Kim, H.T. and Stern F. “Viscous Flow Around a Propeller-Shaft Configuration with Infinite-Pitch Rectangular Blades,” *AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power*, 6, 4, pp. 434–444, 1990, IIHR Reprint #839.

Stern, F. “Fifth International Conference on Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics: Viscous-Flow Papers,” *ONRFE Scientific Bulletin*, 15, 2, pp. 33–36, 1990, IIHR Reprint #809.

Toda, Y.; Stern, F.; Tanaka, I.; and Patel, V.C. “Mean-Flow Measurements in the Boundary Layer and Wake of a Series 60 CB = .6 Model Ship With and Without Propeller,” *Journal of Ship Research*, 34, 4, pp. 225–252, December 1990, IIHR Reprint #874.

## 1989

Ettema, R.; Stern, F.; and Lazaro, J. “Dynamics of Continuous-Mode Icebreaking by a Polar-Class Icebreaker, Part I: Mean Response,” *Journal of Ship Research*, 33, 2-3, pp. 115–134, 1989, IIHR Reprint #790.

Stern, F. “Comparison of Computational and Experimental Unsteady Cavitation on an Oscillating Foil,” *ASME J. Fluids Eng.*, 111, 3, pp. 290–299, 1989, IIHR Reprint #791.

Stern, F.; Hwang, W.S.; and Jaw, S.Y. “Effects of Waves on the Boundary Layer of a Surface-Piercing Flat Plate: Experiment and Theory,” Journal of Ship Research, 33, 1, pp. 63–80, 1989, IIHR Reprint #764.

## 1988

Stern, F.; Yoo, S.Y.; and Patel, V.C. “Interactive and Large-Domain Solutions of Higher-Order Viscous-Flow Equations,” AIAA Journal, 26, 9, pp. 1052–1060, 1988, IIHR Reprint #753.

Stern, F.; Kim, H.T.; Patel, V.C.; and Chen, H.C. “A Viscous-Flow Approach to the Computation of Propeller-Hull Interaction,” Journal of Ship Research, 32, 4, pp. 246–262, 1988, IIHR Reprint #758.

Stern, F.; Kim, H.T.; Patel, V.C.; and Chen, H.C. “Computation of Viscous Flow Around Propeller-Shaft Configurations,” Journal of Ship Research, 32, 4, pp. 263–284, 1988, IIHR Reprint #759.

## 1987

Stern, F. “Propeller-Hull Interaction Research in Japan,” *ONRFE Scientific Bulletin*, 12, 2, pp. 38–50, 1987, IIHR Reprint #719.

## 1986

Stern, F. “Effects of Waves on the Boundary Layer of a Surface-Piercing Body,” *Journal of Ship Research*, 30, 4, pp. 256–274, 1986, IIHR Reprint #686.

## 1983

Stern, F. and Vorus, W.S. “A Nonlinear Method for Predicting Unsteady Sheet Cavitation on Marine Propellers,” Journal of Ship Research, 27, 2, pp. 56–74, 1983.

von Kerczek, C.H. and Stern, F. “The Representation of Ship Hulls by Conformal Mapping Functions: Fractional Maps,” Journal of Ship Research, 27, 3, pp. 158–159, 1983.